A Greek guide for the book of Luke and a FREEBIE too!

How’s your Greek? I’ve got a book review as well as a freebie that might peak your interest.

Christmas will be here before you know it, and taking the effort to work through the Greek text of the birth narratives in Matthew and Luke might help kickstart a habit that will bless you and your ministry for years to come. And if you need a recommendation to get you started, look no further than the volume on Luke in the Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament (EGGNT) series.

In the interest of full disclosure, I asked Broadman and Holman to bring Christmas to me early this year by sending me a review copy, but that’s because I’ve already invested in a few of the other books in the series.

Luke was written by Alan J. Thompson. He’s got strong academic credentials, having studied under Eckhard Schnabel and D.A. Carson. He also has a few academic books on his resume, including an upcoming volume on Acts in the Biblical Theology for Christian Proclamation series.

Like other volumes in the EGGNT series, Luke begins with introductory materials covering authorship, date, audience, and purpose—standard commentary fare—though the extensive outline at the end of the book (five pages, single-spaced) is more of what you would expect from a much larger commentary.

Once you get past the introductory materials, the real fun begins. Because of size limitations (the book is over 400 pages), there’s no full Greek text or English translation. A Greek New Testament or an interlinear necessary to make full use of the book. Thompson works verse-by-verse through the Gospel of Luke, providing comments on grammar, syntax, textual variants, and translation options. It truly is a comprehensive guide to the Greek text of Luke.

Using this and other volumes in the EGGNT series has brought my Greek back from the brink. It had been a couple years, and I had forgotten so much, I wasn’t sure I’d be able to pick it up again. When I saw how helpful one book was, I bought another, and another…

It was a little unwieldy for me at first because of all the abbreviations, but a few visits to the section listing abbreviations, and it didn’t take long to adjust.

Now for the freebie! Rob Plummer does a daily video working through a verse in the Greek New Testament on his website Daily Dose of Greek. Starting November 6 he will begin working through Philemon. As a special incentive, you can download Philemon from the EGGNT on My Word Search Bible, a website from Broadman and Holman for FREE. Check out his post for the details here.

The Lost Sermons of C. H. Spurgeon

Charles Haddon Spurgeon was one of the most influential preachers of the 19th century. At a time before automobiles, airplanes, and electricity, he regularly preached before crowds of more than 5,000 in his church in London (he once even preached before crowd of over 23,000 people). He founded a college, an orphanage, and was a strong advocate for foreign missions. He was personally acquainted with D. L. Moody and Hudson Taylor. Famous Americans like Mark Twain, John D. Rockefeller, and James Garfield (before he became the 20th president of the United States) visited his church to hear him preach. He left more published words than any other Christian in history, before or since. He has often been called the “Prince of Preachers,” and rightly so.

Despite his popularity, or perhaps because of it, Spurgeon received a lot of criticism during his lifetime. His opposition to the new theory from fellow Englishman Charles Darwin earned him mockery from cartoonists and newspapers. His condemnation of so-called Christian slaveholders in America resulted in threats and book burnings throughout the Southern United States, especially from members of the relatively new Southern Baptist denomination. Yet times have changed, and now Southern Baptists are not only among his greatest admirers, but they have begun publishing a planned twelve-volume set of his earliest sermons, never before seen in print.

LifeWay graciously provided me a review copy of The Lost Sermons of C. H. Spurgeon, Volume I. Over a few weeks I read it cover to cover. Volume I contains the 76 sermons Spurgeon recorded in the first of nine notebooks that will serve as the bases for the rest of the volumes in this series. I was immediately impressed by the aesthetic beauty of the book in my hands. The cloth over board covers, sewn binding, thick and glossy pages, and full color facsimiles of each page of the notebook showed a commitment to producing a high-quality work, and this is only the standard edition (there’s a special edition with more photographs, gilded pages, and even a slip cover, too!).

The introductory materials drew me in immediately. A 17-page timeline from 1800-1910 highlights important events from the life of Spurgeon in red and significant moments (both secular and religious) from the 19th century in black. Events of interest to Southern Baptists are included as well. The book also includes chapters looking at Spurgeon’s place in history, his relationship to Southern Baptists, and the background of this book series. Excepts are available online, which I encourage you to check out (from the ForewordEditor’s PrefaceIntroductionpdf sampler).

Each sermon includes a color facsimile, transcription, and notes. Even as a teenager, Spurgeon’s sermons were impressive for his insight and ability to connect with his listeners. He largely used outlines (he called them “skeletons”) and relied on his memory to preach extemporaneously. Because this is a critical work, the notes identify sources Spurgeon used (he was particularly fond of John Gill and John Bunyan), references to events of his day, and quotations from elsewhere in his body of work where he treated the same topics or Scriptures in more detail. The notes also discuss ink marks, corrections, and spelling, but I largely ignored these.

I wish my early sermons were as good as Spurgeon’s. By the time he was 20 he had already preached more than 700 times. If they had only published the text of his notebook, it would have been worth reading. The addition of introductory materials placing Spurgeon in his historical context and scholarly research of the notes placing his sermons in the context of his sources and later writings make the volume even more valuable.

If you’re interested in snagging a copy for yourself, you can find The Lost Sermons of C. H. Spurgeon, Volume I online and in LifeWay stores. Volume II is slated for release in September 2017.

Whether you’re interested in Spurgeon’s lost sermons or not, you can get access to a digital library of over 3,500 of his sermons by signing up for the Broadman & Holman Academic eNewsletter here. It’s free and you can cancel your email subscription anytime.

The Lost Sermons of C. H. Spurgeon

Charles Haddon Spurgeon was one of the most influential preachers of the 19th century. At a time before automobiles, airplanes, and electricity, he regularly preached before crowds of more than 5,000 in his church in London (he once even preached before crowd of over 23,000 people). He founded a college, an orphanage, and was a strong advocate for foreign missions. He was personally acquainted with D. L. Moody and Hudson Taylor. Famous Americans like Mark Twain, John D. Rockefeller, and James Garfield (before he became the 20th president of the United States) visited his church to hear him preach. He left more published words than any other Christian in history, before or since. He has often been called the “Prince of Preachers,” and rightly so.

Despite his popularity, or perhaps because of it, Spurgeon received a lot of criticism during his lifetime. His opposition to the new theory from fellow Englishman Charles Darwin earned him mockery from cartoonists and newspapers. His condemnation of so-called Christian slaveholders in America resulted in threats and book burnings throughout the Southern United States, especially from members of the relatively new Southern Baptist denomination. Yet times have changed, and now Southern Baptists are not only among his greatest admirers, but they have begun publishing a planned twelve-volume set of his earliest sermons, never before seen in print.

LifeWay graciously provided me a review copy of The Lost Sermons of C. H. Spurgeon, Volume I. Over a few weeks I read it cover to cover. Volume I contains the 76 sermons Spurgeon recorded in the first of nine notebooks that will serve as the bases for the rest of the volumes in this series. I was immediately impressed by the aesthetic beauty of the book in my hands. The cloth over board covers, sewn binding, thick and glossy pages, and full color facsimiles of each page of the notebook showed a commitment to producing a high-quality work, and this is only the standard edition (there’s a special edition with more photographs, gilded pages, and even a slip cover, too!).

The introductory materials drew me in immediately. A 17-page timeline from 1800-1910 highlights important events from the life of Spurgeon in red and significant moments (both secular and religious) from the 19th century in black. Events of interest to Southern Baptists are included as well. The book also includes chapters looking at Spurgeon’s place in history, his relationship to Southern Baptists, and the background of this book series. Excepts are available online, which I encourage you to check out (from the ForewordEditor’s PrefaceIntroductionpdf sampler).

Each sermon includes a color facsimile, transcription, and notes. Even as a teenager, Spurgeon’s sermons were impressive for his insight and ability to connect with his listeners. He largely used outlines (he called them “skeletons”) and relied on his memory to preach extemporaneously. Because this is a critical work, the notes identify sources Spurgeon used (he was particularly fond of John Gill and John Bunyan), references to events of his day, and quotations from elsewhere in his body of work where he treated the same topics or Scriptures in more detail. The notes also discuss ink marks, corrections, and spelling, but I largely ignored these.

I wish my early sermons were as good as Spurgeon’s. By the time he was 20 he had already preached more than 700 times. If they had only published the text of his notebook, it would have been worth reading. The addition of introductory materials placing Spurgeon in his historical context and scholarly research of the notes placing his sermons in the context of his sources and later writings make the volume even more valuable.

If you’re interested in snagging a copy for yourself, you can find The Lost Sermons of C. H. Spurgeon, Volume I online and in LifeWay stores. Volume II is slated for release in September 2017.

Whether you’re interested in Spurgeon’s lost sermons or not, you can get access to a digital library of over 3,500 of his sermons by signing up for the Broadman & Holman Academic eNewsletter here. It’s free and you can cancel your email subscription anytime.

Picking up Greek again in 2016

philippiansI just spent four consecutive semesters studying Hebrew. After such a long break from Greek, I’ve decided to spend this year working on both languages. I’m becoming very appreciative of my Reader’s Greek New Testament and my Reader’s Hebrew Bible, both of which have renderings of uncommon words at the bottom of the page. This saves me from having to open up a lexicon every few seconds. I don’t do New Year’s resolutions, but if I did, Greek and Hebrew would be on my list for 2016. Perhaps it’s time for you to dust off an old grammar or pick up a new one for the first time.

I have a shortlist of titles I want to get this year, including Advances in the Study of Greek, Devotions on the Greek New Testament, and Devotions on the Hebrew Bible. Although I have a few titles from Broadman and Holman’s Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament series, I only recently cracked one open after they so graciously agreed to send me a copy of their recent volume on Philippians.

I first became aware of the Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament series after my Greek professor sent me an email inviting me to take an elective on the book of James in Greek. He planned on using the volume on James as the textbook, but because of my other commitments, I was unable to take the class. I eventually snagged a digital copy of it for 99¢, and it currently waits in my “to read” list.

Every series has a few stellar volumes that stand out from the rest. I suspect that Joseph H. Hellerman’s treatment of Philippians may be one of those for this series. Hellerman has dedicated a lot of his career to producing good scholarly material on Philippians, including a monograph on Roman honor in Philippi and a goodly portion of his book Embracing Shared Ministry deals with this topic as well. I wouldn’t be surprised if he were to pen a full commentary sometime down the line.

Broadman and Holman’s Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament series is not exactly a normal commentary series. Although each volume includes an introduction covering such matters as author, date, outline, and the like, the focus is on the Greek text itself. Readers should already be familiar with Greek grammar if the series is to be of any use.

Hellerman’s volume does not provide a straight translation of the text, so a Reader’s Greek New Testament, an interlinear, or a Greek New Testament with an English translation is a necessary companion. He instead gives his attention to each word and phrase, parsing them out, identifying possible English renderings and ways to understand the Greek, then identifying his preference and arguing for his conclusions. He also provides additional commentary where necessary, such as in 2:6 regarding disputes about the proper rendering of ????? (“form” vs. “nature”).

When Paul and Timothy are identified as ?????? in 1:1, Hellerman says “slaves” is more appropriate than “servants.” He further points out that Paul is intentionally subverting the honor culture of Philippi, “where rank and titles were viewed as prizes to be competitively sought and publicly proclaimed…” (p. 11). He presents good arguments for various viewpoints, and he can hold his own conclusions with a loose grip if the evidence for another interpretation is good. For instance, in 2:17, regarding Paul being “poured out” (?????????) as a drink offering, Hellerman outlines the arguments for treating this as either a reference to Paul’s present sufferings or to the possibility of his martyrdom at the hand of the Romans. In the end, he says, “View 2 seems better, though one cannot be dogmatic.”

The dozens of abbreviations may also pose a challenge to reader’s who’ve done little more than dabble in New Testament Greek. Many can be guessed, but some require knowledge of grammatical terms like anarthrous and apodosis. Despite being a little unwieldy for me at first because I’ve spent so much time away from my Greek New Testament, a few visits to the section listing abbreviations, and it didn’t take long to adjust.

If you’re interested in working on your New Testament Greek skills this year, I commend to you Joseph H. Hellerman’s volume on Philippians in the Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament series. Click here for a PDF sample (pgs. 39-47).

Are you planning on working on Greek or Hebrew this year? Share in the comments what you’re doing or planning to do and what resources you’ve found helpful.